Thousands of people in the UK have botox or dermal filler injections so that creases in their face appear smoother and they appear younger.
Despite probably largely being fuelled by images of flawless individuals in television adverts and on magazine covers, the desire to remain youthful is understandable – even to those who would never consider undergoing a treatment to roll back the years.
However – although these injections are not as serious a treatment as some other cosmetic operations – just like any medical procedure, these types of treatment are not completely free of risk.
If the equipment is not clean, the injections are inserted into the wrong area, or the incorrect chemical is introduced under a patient’s skin, the side-effects can include severe infection, a deformed appearance, inflammation, and other unpleasant symptoms.
Botox is actually made from the toxin produced by bacterium Clostridium botulinum. This toxin also causes botulism, a life-threatening form of food poisoning. Nonetheless, it is in fact used in many different medical treatments to positive effect.
The toxin is used to weaken or paralyse muscles so that skin in chosen areas of the face appears more relaxed due to the fact that muscular contractions are being prevented.
This treatment is only temporary – lasting about three or four months – before the individual will need to have further injections.
Some dermal fillers are temporary, lasting roughly 6-12 months, and others are semi-permanent, lasting around 18 months.
One of the most popular types of temporary filler injection is made of a synthetic form of Hyaluronic Acid, which is a substance naturally found in humans and animals. Its presence in the body decreases with age, causing skin to lose its plumpness.
Semi-permanent fillers are usually made of a polymethylmethacrylate (synthetic resin) and collagen (naturally occurring protein) mix gel.
4th April 2019
An Inquest is held when someone has died in certain specific circumstances. Inquests are only held when an investigation is necessary to establish the facts about what the cause of death was, usually when the person died suddenly or in circumstances that remain unexplained. For example, deaths that have occurred as a result of violence, due to unnatural means or as a result of sudden and unknown causes would all necessitate an Inquest taking place. Continue reading »
27th March 2019
Injuries sustained at work can have devastating consequences and victims should not delay in seeking specialist legal advice. In one case, a special needs teacher whose career was cut short after he was kicked in the knee by a pupil won substantial compensation. Continue reading »
26th March 2019
The effects of damage to hearing caused by industrial noise often take decades to become evident, but that does not deter specialist solicitors from seeking just compensation for victims. In a recent case, a retired factory worker won the right to damages more than 40 years after he was exposed to excessive workplace noise. Continue reading »
25th March 2019
Potholes are a plague on road users, and local authorities are under a duty to identify and fill in those that pose a danger. However, a High Court case concerning an injured cyclist showed that such obligations are not without limit. Continue reading »
20th March 2019
At the time of writing, the UK is basking in unseasonably warm sunshine. Spring appears to have arrived early and with it, many of the outdoor activities that one associates with more temperate weather are making an early appearance. Whilst cycling is an all year-round activity and indeed a necessity for those who use it as their main method of getting around our towns and cities to commute to and from work, the number of people who choose to jump on their bikes increases considerably in the spring and summer months. Continue reading »
23rd November 2018
A radical proposal for cycling awareness has been unveiled by the government. The plans include a series of measures to improve safety for vulnerable road users, and to encourage and support cycling. The aim is to reduce the significant number of serious and fatal accidents suffered by cyclists. Continue reading »
24th July 2017
The Ministry of Justice (MoJ) has announced measures to tackle fraudulent sickness claims. Fraudulent claims of food poisoning by holidaymakers which are false or exaggerated claims, could result in British tourists paying higher package holiday prices. Continue reading »
27th February 2017
The last revision of the discount rate was undertaken on 25th June 2001, when it was set at 2.5%. From 20th March 2017, the rate drops from 2.5% to minus 0.75%. It is a change of 3.25 percentage points. Continue reading »
21st January 2016
Jonathan Austen-Jones acted on behalf of the applicant in this case who was the subject of sexual abuse at the hands of his step-father between the ages of about 5 and 7.
An initial application for compensation pursuant to the 1990 Scheme was made in 1992 and in June 1996 he was awarded £10,000.00 in respect of the abuse he had suffered. This award was clearly too low and it appears that no psychiatric evidence was before the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA). Continue reading »
Jonathan Austen-Jones acted on behalf of the claimant in her claim for damages for clinical negligence. The claim arose from the tragic loss of her baby’s life as a consequence of the failure of the Defendant Trust, appreciating that baby B had a Group B streptococcus infection at his birth on the night of the 1st January 2009, resulting in baby B’s death at 00.55 hours on the 3rd January 2009. Continue reading »